High-res laliberty:

Government schools + police militarization:

Los Angeles Unified School District police officials are considering whether they need the armored vehicle and grenade launchers they received from the U.S. military.
The military hardware at the disposal of LAUSD police officers includes a 20-foot-long, 14-ton armored transport vehicles, much like the ones used to move Marines in Iraq combat zones. The armored vehicle is worth $733,000, and the school district’s police force got it from the government for free. …
The district is also in possession of grenade launchers, which it received for free from the military after 9/11. Neither the armored vehicle nor the grenade launchers have ever been used. But the district doesn’t plan on keeping [the grenade launchers].
“It’s a piece of equipment that’s not essential for our mission, so we will be disposing of those,” Zipperman said. …

Translation: “We got a lot of heat for these cool toys and the political ramifications to my elected boss means I’ll (eventually, maybe) get rid of the grenade launchers. But I’m going to pretend I’m not doing this because of said ramifications, even though I was under no obligation to accept the grenade launchers in the first place.”

The chief says the armored vehicle will stay but will only be deployed on his direct orders with the approval of the school superintendent.
“To suggest that it’s a threatening type of equipment or equipment for a show of force, that is not the case,” Zipperman said.

lol. OK, bro.

laliberty:

Government schools + police militarization:

Los Angeles Unified School District police officials are considering whether they need the armored vehicle and grenade launchers they received from the U.S. military.

The military hardware at the disposal of LAUSD police officers includes a 20-foot-long, 14-ton armored transport vehicles, much like the ones used to move Marines in Iraq combat zones. The armored vehicle is worth $733,000, and the school district’s police force got it from the government for free. …

The district is also in possession of grenade launchers, which it received for free from the military after 9/11. Neither the armored vehicle nor the grenade launchers have ever been used. But the district doesn’t plan on keeping [the grenade launchers].

“It’s a piece of equipment that’s not essential for our mission, so we will be disposing of those,” Zipperman said. …

Translation: “We got a lot of heat for these cool toys and the political ramifications to my elected boss means I’ll (eventually, maybe) get rid of the grenade launchers. But I’m going to pretend I’m not doing this because of said ramifications, even though I was under no obligation to accept the grenade launchers in the first place.”

The chief says the armored vehicle will stay but will only be deployed on his direct orders with the approval of the school superintendent.

“To suggest that it’s a threatening type of equipment or equipment for a show of force, that is not the case,” Zipperman said.

lol. OK, bro.

(via collectivistsanscollective)

I know that the middle class of this country is collapsing. I know the gap between the very, very rich and everybody else is growing wider. I know there is profound anger at the greed on Wall Street and corporate America, anger at the political establishment, anger at the media establishment. The American people want real change.

Sen. Bernie Sanders hopes to be the Clinton alternative Democrats are looking for  (via micdotcom)

(via truth-has-a-liberal-bias)

Good Guy With Gun Tries To Kill Neighbor’s Barking Dog, Shoots Wrong One

addictinginfo:

Good Guy With Gun Tries To Kill Neighbor’s Barking Dog, Shoots Wrong One

Screenshot_15342

A man described as a “prominent” Washington state banker was so enraged by his neighbor’s dog’s barking that he grabbed his rifle, walked across the street and shot it death in front of the family. Over the terrified screams of the family, a dog could still be heard barking in the distance. He shot the wrong dog.

According to the dog’s owner, Loyce Andrews, their neighbor, 55-year-old David…

View On WordPress

High-res mindblowingscience:

Climate Change Affects Shark Swimming in Strange Way

Sharks exposed to ocean water acidified by too much carbon dioxide alter their behavior, swimming in longer spurts than sharks in typical ocean water, particularly during their nighttime wanderings.
The new findings, published today (Sept. 16) in the journal Biology Letters, are troubling, given that one effect of the human consumption of fossil fuels is to make ocean water more acidic. If fossil fuel burning continues as is, sharks may face even more challenges than they do today — when a quarter of species are already at risk of extinction.

"Usually when you expose a fish to some kind of environmental stressor, they usually acclimate to that stressor, and that makes them less vulnerable to that stressor," said study researcher Fredrik Jutfelt, an animal physiologist at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden. "But here, it seemed like this high CO2 [carbon dioxide] continued to be a stressor to these sharks for quite a long time."
Acidifying oceans
The world’s oceans absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, a process that decreases the pH (a measure of how acidic or basic a substance is) of ocean water, turning it more acidic. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the pH of ocean surface water has fallen by 0.1 on the 14-point scale since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. That drop on the pH scale translates to surface water that’s 30 percent more acidic than before.
Today, ocean water has a pH of about 8.1, Jutfelt told Live Science, and the atmosphere contains about 400 parts per million of carbon dioxide. If humans continue to load the atmosphere with carbon, this concentration is expected to rise to about 1,000 parts per million by 2100. In that scenario, the pH of ocean water is expected to drop to about 7.7 or 7.8.  The pH scale runs from 0 (most acidic) to 14 (most basic), with a pH of 7 being neutral.
Studies of bony fishes have found that some species react catastrophically to acidified water, while others are quite tolerant, Jutfelt said. But hardly anyone had examined the effects of ocean acidification on sharks and rays, fish known for their cartilaginous bones.
Strange swimming
Jutfelt and his colleague Leon Green, also of the University of Gothenburg, borrowed 20 small-spotted catsharks (Scyliorhinus canicula), from a local aquarium. This small, common bottom-dweller is found throughout the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. They put half of the sharks in tanks filled with typical ocean water with a pH of 8.1, and half in tanks filled with acidified ocean water with a pH of about 7.7 for four weeks.
After this period, the researchers tested the sharks on a variety of physiological responses and behaviors, including their blood pH and oxygen consumption rates. They also took video of the sharks at night, when these nocturnal animals are most active.
Although the CO2-exposed sharks’ metabolisms were normal, the researchers found more sodium and bicarbonate ions in their blood, apparently a molecular adjustment made to keep the sharks’ blood pH stable in the more-acidic water. Most strikingly, however, was the discovery that the sharks in the acidified water exhibited odd nighttime behavior.
"The control sharks, they would have these many starts and stops throughout the night. They would swim for a few seconds, or up to a minute, maybe, and then stop,” Jutfelt said. “But the CO2-exposed sharks, they kept swimming for longer time periods. Some of them swam for an hour continuously.”
This continuous swimming behavior could have been a result of altered ion concentrations in the brain, Jutfelt said. Alternatively, the sharks could have sensed that the water was too acidic and kept swimming in hopes of finding better-quality water elsewhere. Surprisingly, Jutfelt said, the sharks kept up this behavior change four to six weeks after first being introduced to the acidified water.
"They don’t seem to be able to completely acclimate," he said.
Jutfelt and his colleagues aren’t yet sure what the behavior change would mean for sharks in the wild. But sharks reproduce slowly, often taking years to reach sexual maturity. That means there are few generations of sharks between today’s and the sharks that will likely be exposed to 7.7-pH ocean water by the year 2100. 
"They basically don’t have that many generations before we reach those CO2 levels, so we don’t think evolution will be able to have a major effect and produce tolerance," Jutfelt said. "Which is why any problem with sharks might be more alarming than with other organisms."

mindblowingscience:

Climate Change Affects Shark Swimming in Strange Way

Sharks exposed to ocean water acidified by too much carbon dioxide alter their behavior, swimming in longer spurts than sharks in typical ocean water, particularly during their nighttime wanderings.

The new findings, published today (Sept. 16) in the journal Biology Letters, are troubling, given that one effect of the human consumption of fossil fuels is to make ocean water more acidic. If fossil fuel burning continues as is, sharks may face even more challenges than they do today — when a quarter of species are already at risk of extinction.

"Usually when you expose a fish to some kind of environmental stressor, they usually acclimate to that stressor, and that makes them less vulnerable to that stressor," said study researcher Fredrik Jutfelt, an animal physiologist at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden. "But here, it seemed like this high CO2 [carbon dioxide] continued to be a stressor to these sharks for quite a long time."

Acidifying oceans

The world’s oceans absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, a process that decreases the pH (a measure of how acidic or basic a substance is) of ocean water, turning it more acidic. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the pH of ocean surface water has fallen by 0.1 on the 14-point scale since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. That drop on the pH scale translates to surface water that’s 30 percent more acidic than before.

Today, ocean water has a pH of about 8.1, Jutfelt told Live Science, and the atmosphere contains about 400 parts per million of carbon dioxide. If humans continue to load the atmosphere with carbon, this concentration is expected to rise to about 1,000 parts per million by 2100. In that scenario, the pH of ocean water is expected to drop to about 7.7 or 7.8.  The pH scale runs from 0 (most acidic) to 14 (most basic), with a pH of 7 being neutral.

Studies of bony fishes have found that some species react catastrophically to acidified water, while others are quite tolerant, Jutfelt said. But hardly anyone had examined the effects of ocean acidification on sharks and rays, fish known for their cartilaginous bones.

Strange swimming

Jutfelt and his colleague Leon Green, also of the University of Gothenburg, borrowed 20 small-spotted catsharks (Scyliorhinus canicula), from a local aquarium. This small, common bottom-dweller is found throughout the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. They put half of the sharks in tanks filled with typical ocean water with a pH of 8.1, and half in tanks filled with acidified ocean water with a pH of about 7.7 for four weeks.

After this period, the researchers tested the sharks on a variety of physiological responses and behaviors, including their blood pH and oxygen consumption rates. They also took video of the sharks at night, when these nocturnal animals are most active.

Although the CO2-exposed sharks’ metabolisms were normal, the researchers found more sodium and bicarbonate ions in their blood, apparently a molecular adjustment made to keep the sharks’ blood pH stable in the more-acidic water. Most strikingly, however, was the discovery that the sharks in the acidified water exhibited odd nighttime behavior.

"The control sharks, they would have these many starts and stops throughout the night. They would swim for a few seconds, or up to a minute, maybe, and then stop,” Jutfelt said. “But the CO2-exposed sharks, they kept swimming for longer time periods. Some of them swam for an hour continuously.”

This continuous swimming behavior could have been a result of altered ion concentrations in the brain, Jutfelt said. Alternatively, the sharks could have sensed that the water was too acidic and kept swimming in hopes of finding better-quality water elsewhere. Surprisingly, Jutfelt said, the sharks kept up this behavior change four to six weeks after first being introduced to the acidified water.

"They don’t seem to be able to completely acclimate," he said.

Jutfelt and his colleagues aren’t yet sure what the behavior change would mean for sharks in the wild. But sharks reproduce slowly, often taking years to reach sexual maturity. That means there are few generations of sharks between today’s and the sharks that will likely be exposed to 7.7-pH ocean water by the year 2100. 

"They basically don’t have that many generations before we reach those CO2 levels, so we don’t think evolution will be able to have a major effect and produce tolerance," Jutfelt said. "Which is why any problem with sharks might be more alarming than with other organisms."

(via shychemist)

Limbaugh claimed that requiring affirmative consent is an unreasonable standard because guys know that ‘no means yes if you know how to spot it.’

A top Democrat is calling on radio stations to stop broadcasting the Rush Limbaugh Show (via think-progress)

High-res thinksquad:

Attorney’s representing a Baltimore man said their client was viciously beaten by a police officer for no apparent reason, and the incident was caught on video by the Baltimore City Police Department.

Attorneys for Kollin Truss, 32, said their client exchanged words with Baltimore police Officer Vincent Cosom moments before the officer is seen on video punching him over and over on June 15.

Attorneys Ivan Bates and Tony Garcia announced on Monday a seven-count lawsuit against Cosom.

"It was a very vicious attack that was uncalled and was unwarranted," Bates said.

Bates and Garcia claimed Truss is the victim of police brutality.

According to charging documents, Cosom said he saw an intoxicated Truss loitering in front of a liquor store at Greenmount and North avenues. The officer said he told Truss to move, the two exchanged words and Truss went into the liquor store.

When Truss came out, a female friend of his is seen on the video pushing him away from officers as more words are exchanged.

Eventually, Truss is backed into a nearby bus stop and, according to Truss’ attorneys, Cosom came out of nowhere and hit Truss several times.

According to the statement of probable cause, the officer said he saw Truss arguing and pushing his friend and that Truss got into a fighting stance with closed fists when the officer went to make an arrest. The statement indicates Truss kicked several officers as they tried to get him into a police car.

Truss was eventually arrested and charged with assaulting an officer.

"There’s a pattern here. First, these officers are stripping our clients of their dignity, their rights, then charging them with an assault that they themselves have perpetrated. It’s the same pattern, they stripped (him of his) rights and forced him to submit. This is not Baltimore justice, it’s Baltimore horror," Garcia said.

Truss’ attorneys said their client is the victim and that Cosom lied on his police report about fearing for his life when it was their client who was in danger. They also claim a police cover-up, saying charges were immediately dropped once the state’s attorney’s office saw the video.

"There was a video from the CitiWatch camera, meaning a Baltimore City police officer was manning the camera, watched the vicious assault on our client and then said absolutely nothing at all," Bates said.

Truss’ attorneys said they are hoping for a settlement in the case and a full police investigation.

"There are a number of good Baltimore police officers; however, the ones that are vicious and violent and are terrorizing the community — they need to go," Bates said.

Truss was not present when 11 News spoke to his attorneys. Police responded in a late-afternoon e-mail, saying, they are aware of the incident and the internal affairs division is conducting its own investigation.

Cosom has been a member of the department for more than six years and is assigned to the Neighborhood Patrol Bureau. He remains on the job as of Monday.



Read more: http://www.wbaltv.com/news/baltimore-police-officer-caught-on-video-beating-suspect/28072938#ixzz3DTEs44ax

thinksquad:

Attorney’s representing a Baltimore man said their client was viciously beaten by a police officer for no apparent reason, and the incident was caught on video by the Baltimore City Police Department.

Attorneys for Kollin Truss, 32, said their client exchanged words with Baltimore police Officer Vincent Cosom moments before the officer is seen on video punching him over and over on June 15.

Attorneys Ivan Bates and Tony Garcia announced on Monday a seven-count lawsuit against Cosom.

"It was a very vicious attack that was uncalled and was unwarranted," Bates said.

Bates and Garcia claimed Truss is the victim of police brutality.

According to charging documents, Cosom said he saw an intoxicated Truss loitering in front of a liquor store at Greenmount and North avenues. The officer said he told Truss to move, the two exchanged words and Truss went into the liquor store.

When Truss came out, a female friend of his is seen on the video pushing him away from officers as more words are exchanged.

Eventually, Truss is backed into a nearby bus stop and, according to Truss’ attorneys, Cosom came out of nowhere and hit Truss several times.

According to the statement of probable cause, the officer said he saw Truss arguing and pushing his friend and that Truss got into a fighting stance with closed fists when the officer went to make an arrest. The statement indicates Truss kicked several officers as they tried to get him into a police car.

Truss was eventually arrested and charged with assaulting an officer.

"There’s a pattern here. First, these officers are stripping our clients of their dignity, their rights, then charging them with an assault that they themselves have perpetrated. It’s the same pattern, they stripped (him of his) rights and forced him to submit. This is not Baltimore justice, it’s Baltimore horror," Garcia said.

Truss’ attorneys said their client is the victim and that Cosom lied on his police report about fearing for his life when it was their client who was in danger. They also claim a police cover-up, saying charges were immediately dropped once the state’s attorney’s office saw the video.

"There was a video from the CitiWatch camera, meaning a Baltimore City police officer was manning the camera, watched the vicious assault on our client and then said absolutely nothing at all," Bates said.

Truss’ attorneys said they are hoping for a settlement in the case and a full police investigation.

"There are a number of good Baltimore police officers; however, the ones that are vicious and violent and are terrorizing the community — they need to go," Bates said.

Truss was not present when 11 News spoke to his attorneys. Police responded in a late-afternoon e-mail, saying, they are aware of the incident and the internal affairs division is conducting its own investigation.

Cosom has been a member of the department for more than six years and is assigned to the Neighborhood Patrol Bureau. He remains on the job as of Monday.

Read more: http://www.wbaltv.com/news/baltimore-police-officer-caught-on-video-beating-suspect/28072938#ixzz3DTEs44ax

(via thinksquad-news)

thinksquad:

Government demands for information on Google’s users have risen 150% since the tech giant first started publishing their numbers, the company said on Monday. In the US the number of requests leapt 250%.

According to Google’s latest transparency report, in the first half of 2014, the number of government demands rose 15% compared to the second half of last year, and a 150% increase since Google first began publishing this data in 2009. In the US those increases are 19% and 250% respectively.

“This increase in government demands comes against a backdrop of revelations about government surveillance programs,” Google legal director Richard Salgado wrote in a blogpost. “Despite these revelations, we have seen some countries expand their surveillance authorities in an attempt to reach service providers outside their borders. Others are considering similar measures.”

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/sep/15/google-demands-user-data-rise

(via committeetoprotectjournalists)

Naomi Klein: Only a Reverse Shock Doctrine Can Save Our Climate | Blog | BillMoyers.com

sustainableprosperity:

In her new book, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate,Naomi Klein argues that if we had taken action years ago when scientists first established that human activities were changing our climate, we might have been able to deal with the problem of global warming with only minimal disruption to our economic system. But as we approach a tipping point, and the consequences of climate change come into sharper focus, that time has passed, and we now have to acknowledge that preserving humans’ habitat requires a paradigm change.

But Klein doesn’t just offer us a depressing litany of the damage we’ve already done. She calls on us to seriously rethink the way our economy is structured to address not only climate change, but also other longstanding social problems like persistent global poverty and rising inequality.